flap-2239583_1920.jpg

Austin's Rules of Thumb

Describe something before commenting on it.

What it looks like when this is done well:

In these excerpts the writer summarizes the text they are about to comment on, and does a good job at it:

What it looks like when this is not done well:

In these excerpts the writer comments on a text without first explaining clearly what the author said, leaving the reader completely “in the dark.”