tools 2 bw.jpg

Austin's Editing Marks

This is a guide to the symbols I use when marking up your writing assignments. Each symbol stands for a particular kind of error. By marking the types of errors you're making, my aim is to help you identify the areas on which you need to focus to improve the accuracy of your written English.

Important: When I mark up your assignments, I will not necessarily mark every single error you make. Instead, I will mark those errors that seem to occur most frequently in your writing, or those that cause the greatest difficulties for the reader.

When looking over my feedback on your writing, look for patterns. Which symbols do you see most often on your writing? Make sure you understand that particular category of error (ask me if you're unclear!) and in your future writing, focus on that specific issue.

Note: This guide is a work in progress. As I gather more examples I will add them to this guide, and add more detailed descriptions as well. If you want know more about a type of error I haven't documented very extensively, please ask me!


Standard editing marks

These are marks and symbols that are widely used in the English-speaking world when editing documents. I use them when marking up your papers, and you may well see other teachers using them as well.


Austin's special editing marks

These are symbols and abbreviations that I've invented. You won't necessarily see other people using these marks.

ros (run-on sentence)

_180731_145329_823.jpg

A run-on sentence is a sentence that is too long.

Try breaking up this sentence into several shorter sentences.

 

Examples

(hover your cursor over the sentences to see the corrections)

There are many possible ways to fix a run-on sentence. The corrections shown here are not the only way to fix the sentences.

Language diversity carries a lot of human intelligence, including human thinking and problem-solving methods, which are constantly promoting human progress . So  we must protect the diversity of language[s] . . .

Language diversity carries a lot of human intelligence, including human thinking and problem-solving methods, which are constantly promoting human progress. So we must protect the diversity of language[s] . . .

Crystal argues that the application of diversity theory to human development explains our success in civilization , which  results from our ability to develop diverse cultures . . .

Crystal argues that the application of diversity theory to human development explains our success in civilization, which results from our ability to develop diverse cultures . . .

(There are many MANY ways to fix this sentence! It should be three or even four separate sentences.)

(There are many MANY ways to fix this sentence! It should be three or even four separate sentences.)

Austin Woerner